How sharing ideas makes students smarter
Collaborating to find evidence is a teaching strategy that encourages students to engage with one another. This process involves different types of participation from students. First, they work individually to apply the CERCA Framework to a piece of text. Next, students work in pairs to share and collaborate. And finally, students discuss their claims, reasoning, and evidence in a larger group. Research indicates that this method of learning is effective in increasing achievement on writing and standardized tests (see results below). Download everything you need below to jumpstart this activity in your classroom.
- Lesson guide
- Student presentation
- Student handout
- Grading rubrics
Discussion Impacts Reading Scores
NAEP offers insights about the impact of discussion on student outcomes. The data shows that peer-to-peer discussion is a key factor in reading improvement. For example, students who reported that they more frequently discussed interpretations of what they read scored higher on the 2013 NAEP test as seen in the chart below.