SOAPSTone (Speaker, Occasion, Audience, Purpose, Subject, Tone) is a framework for students to ask and answer questions before they respond to a writing prompt or task.
Time: 30 - 60 minutes
Materials: SOAPSTone Graphic Organizer, Writing Task/Question Prompt
- Model the framework for students with each step of the acronym. Use a question that is relevant to what they will be doing, so they can use it as a model.
- Who is the speaker? This question is asking who the speaker of the written response is. As follow-up questions, ask students what details about themselves will they reveal to the audience that will be reading their writing?
- What is the occasion? This question is about the knowledge and occasion that the student will be writing about.
- Who is the audience? Students should consider what the characteristics of the audience of their writing is and why are they addressing them. Is the audience their teacher? Their peers?
- What is the purpose? Students should think about what they hope to accomplish by sharing their argument or opinion. Do they want their audience to respond? In what way?
- What is the subject? Students should be sure they know what they are writing about.
- What is the tone? Students should consider what they want their audience to feel. What words or phrases might they use to evoke certain emotions or reactions?
- Once students have gone through a modeling with the teacher, have them review the question prompt to which they will be responding.
- Once students have completed their SOAPSTone Graphic Organizer, have them write a statement that contains all of the responses as an anchor to support their final piece of writing.
- Have students work with a peer to share their SOAPSTone Graphic Organizer and statement before they begin writing. Have peers ask questions for clarification.