The Frayer Model is a graphic organizer used for word analysis and vocabulary building.
Designed by Dorothy Frayer and her colleagues at the University of Wisconsin, this activity encourages a thorough and deeper understanding of new words. The model prompts students to think about the meaning of a word or concept by defining the term, describing its essential characteristics, and providing both examples and non-examples.
Materials: Frayer Model
1. Explain the Frayer Model graphic organizer to the class: definitions, characteristics, examples, and non-examples
a) Use a common word to demonstrate the various components of the form.
b) Model the type and quality of desired answers when giving this example.
2. Select a list of key concepts from a reading selection. Write this list on the chalkboard and review it with the class before students read the selection.
3. Divide the class into student pairs. Assign each pair one of the key concepts and have them read the selection carefully to define its concept. Groups complete the four-square organizer for this concept.
4. Ask the student pairs to share their conclusions with the entire class. Use these presentations to review the entire list of key concepts.
Determine the word that goes in the middle of the Frayer Model based on thinking about non-examples and clarify your understanding about the word.
Encourage students to use the organizers for reference as they might use a glossary or dictionary.
Consider allowing students to use organizers during assessments.
Use vocabulary organizers as assessment for learning to plan next steps.
Combine the features of the organizers. For example, include pictures that provide a personal association within the sectors of a concept circle.
When students are familiar with each type of organizer, consider allowing student choice in which type of organizer is used.
How to use with ThinkCERCA
Have students use their individual vocabulary notebooks to write down all unfamiliar words during the first reading in Applied Reading and Writing lessons. Next, have students work in small groups with a piece of chart paper and direct them to write one unfamiliar word in the Frayer Model graphic organizer and complete it together. Share responses with the whole class.
Use at the end of Direct Instruction lessons to emphasize the understanding of a skill by having them play the Frayer Model word game.
Copy a blank Frayer Model template onto an index card. Students must complete the four boxes of the template while writing the word that goes in the center on the reverse side. Teams of two are to compete by using the definition, characteristics, examples and non-examples to identify the word.